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Pipes are defined as circular tubular products used for conveying fluids (liquids, gases, and fluidized solids). Pipes are designed for a particular design pressure corresponding to design temperature. Various parameters related to pipes are Pipe Size, Pipe Schedule or thickness, Pipe Material, Pressure withstanding capability, Temperature withstanding capability, etc. Different types of pipes are used in the industrial sector for different purposes. Common industries that find extensive use of pipes are oil and gas, process industries, chemical and petrochemical complexes, food and beverage industries, power sectors, steel industries, HVAC industries, plumbing industries, pipeline industries, refineries, etc. Today, the use of pipes is so wide that modern industrial plants can not be thought of without pipes. Types of pipes are decided based on various factors.
PEX, or cross-linked polyethylene, pipe is one of the newest and most popular pipes to hit the plumbing market. PEX is used only to supply water. PEX is a pipe that is rigid enough to withstand the pressures of water supply but flexible enough to weave throughout walls, ceilings, basements, and crawlspaces. PEX has made water-supply plumbing easier for do-it-yourselfers and professional plumbers.
PVC, or polyvinyl chloride, pipe is a drain or vent line type of plumbing pipe. PVC initially gained popularity because it was lighter and easier to work with than traditional galvanized steel pipe. PVC pipe is moderately easy to install and requires little more than a hacksaw and a miter box to cut. PVC glues together with solvents.
Besides, there are many other types of pipes such as PPR Pipe, PEX/ PERT/ PE Aluminium Pipe, Pure PEX/ PERT Pipe, etc. And pipes are alawys used together with fittings, for example, PPR Pipe and Fitting is a most commonly used material. Of course, fittings can also be devided into many types.
Types of Pipes and Fittings
To an uneducated homeowner, pipe fittings are as numerous and confusing as choosing the right screw or nail for a construction project. The materials vary and the specific purpose, although precise, seems daunting to figure out. Our plumbers in Houston & Rosenberg can help repair or repipe your yard. We can help repair and repipe gas lines and water lines, whatever you need, our plumbers can help! Here is a brief overview of pipe fittings, their purpose, and the materials offered. Obviously, pipe fittings are attached to the end of pipes that allow them to change direction, control the flow, and change the diameter of the pipe.
Elbow Pipe Fittings
Elbows are used to change the direction of flow between two pipes. Elbows are generally available with an angle of 22.5o, 45o and 90o. If pipes are of same diameter then normal elbows are used otherwise Reducer elbows are used. Elbows are made of different materials. These are generally coming with female threads and we can fix them by butt or socket welding also.
Reducer Pipe Fittings
Reducer is a pipe fitting component which reduces the flow size from larger to smaller by reducing size of pipe. Usually there are two types of reducers are available. One is concentric reducer which is like cone shaped with gradual decreasing around the pipe but in this case accumulation of air may possible and it results in cavitation. Other one is eccentric reducer which is having one edge parallel to connecting pipe due to which air accumulation is not possible.
There are other fittings made of different materials as well such as PPR Fitting, PEX Fitting, Compression Fitting, Press Fitting, Brass Fitting, etc.